Vesuvius

The European Volcano

 

The name “Vesuvius” has an Indo European origin, from the verb roots “aues” (to illuminate) or “eus” (to burn), because of its volcanic identity.

 

A territory characterized from the presence of a volcano that has represented and still represents an important and renewing element for all the human activities of the area.

 

A volcano, the only still active of the Continental Europe, whose repeated activity made its soils particularly interesting for the agricultural activities.

Territory

 

The volcanic soils, full of lapilli, dusts and potassium, represent the crib of many vine varieties in Campania, a region where Mt. Vesuvius is a symbol, very famous in the whole world.

The volcanic soils have heterogeneous genesis. The eruptions produce dust and pumice that, because of their lightness, don’t pile up on the slopes of the volcano.  The soil originated from these pyroclastic materials are deep, light and unstructured, poor of organic matter, with the presence of a skeleton that derives from the lapilli.

 

Is the case of Mt. Vesuvius, whose lands are filled with an important layer of volcanic dusts. These conditions, accompanied by the good climate coming from the Thyrrenian Sea, are able to donate to these wine not only the minerality, but also freshness and unique complexities, that have made Campania wine famous all over the world. 

The Vesuvius wines

The ancient oenological traditions of the whole Vesuvius area find their origin with Aristotele (greek philosopher of the 3rd  and 2ndcentury b.C). He thought that the Tessali – ancient population of the Magna Grecia – had planted the first vines in the Vesuvius area because they moved to Campania region during the 5thcentury b.C.

“Coda di Volpe” (literally meadow foxtail) had been already described from Vincenzo Semmola and from Gasparrini in the 1844, while the “Piedirosso” had been described from Plinio in his “Naturalis Historia”, but also from Columella in 1804 and from Froio, Arcuri and Casoria.

If we carefully look at the Campania and at its geography we can immediately catch the presence of two geological fulcrums of volcanic origin. These are very important in order to understand the origin and the evolution of the viticulture in the Campania region. They are the Vesuvius – Somma and the Campi Flegrei, that today represent the ideal places for growing up the vines.